Overused acting notes #1: Being in the Moment

If there's one phrase that an actor can get tired of, it's that old favourite 'being in the moment.' I count myself as one who finds it tedious. It doesn't mean I shouldn't pay attention to it, or that it isn't relevant ... a lot of the notes I've given and received have been about this lack of 'being in .... .' But as an acting principle, it can be misunderstood. Bear with me. There are a couple of states of being at any moment when acting ... you the actor, and you the actor as if character. To deny these states of being is a misunderstanding of the basics of acting as well as the human capacity to engage imaginatively (or otherwise) with more than one thing at a time. I've had students who got the whole idea of characterisation mixed up with who they were supposed to 'be' at any given time on stage. You can't be 'you' and the 'character' at one and the same time? Well, hello ... who is it up there? We're talking art here people. Being in the moment for me means being fully present as actor and actor as character; I am available as needed moment by moment, beat by beat as I engage with stage action. I retain aesthetic awareness ... control over the performance, and remain open to the small and large variations in the playing 'as if' I were Hamlet's mother, for example. But it's a balancing act. If I slip too far one way or another, I am likely to find my actor's sensibility jumping to the next page and disengaging from the character's understanding of what's going on. 'Don't play what's on the next page' is a note I find myself giving, and a check I need to keep giving myself as I perform. If I'm too immersed in actor as character, I run the risk of self-indulging and losing touch with the audience and the tempo-rhythms of the scene. Balancing act indeed, and part of the art of acting, being fully 'in the moment' as the artist. No wonder Stanislavski paid so much attention to relaxation and concentration. 'Being in the moment' is one of those principles of good timing and good acting hygiene that we need to keep learning again and again. Perhaps that's why I find it tedious! Image: Artistry
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Acting: three things you need to learn

Konstantin Stanislavski a portrait by Valentin...
Image via Wikipedia
I've been re-reading Robert Hornby's book 'The End of Acting: a radical view' I first met this nicely provocative work in 1993 during grad school at UH. Hornby's spray on the US actor-training establishment, especially of the Method variety, resonated for me. I liked his writing style and opinion, born out of long experience as an actor and teacher in the Stanislavski tradition. Hornby knew what he was talking about, and wasn't afraid to say so. I guess we clicked. One aspect of the book which I recall often with students is what I call the '3 learnings.' The theory of acting may appear complex, and indeed much of it can be, especially if students get hung up on the jargon coming at them from all directions. Clear hand-holds like these 3 learnings remind us teachers and our fledgling actors of the basics. This is where you need to concentrate the work. And the 3 learnings based on Stanislavski's enabling approach are:
how to relax how to relate to your scene partner, given circumstances, and imaginary circumstances how to pursue objectives
That's it. As Hornby notes, these are means to an end, 'skills rather than art itself, and like all artistic skills must be learned to the point of becoming second nature. Only then does acting begin.' Hornby, Robert. The End of Acting: a radical view. NY: Applause, 1992.
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Notes Session: reflections on work

I maintain other blogs, private ones, for use with my acting students ... as reflective places. Here are some extracts which chart the learning paths we've wandered in. A quote that keeps insisting it be heard ... A character is the sum total of her inconsistencies. Living Dangerously and Impulsively In many ways, the approach we have taken to work on Shakespearean text this semester has been ‘dangerous.’ The basic work on ‘givens’ is accepted as having been done, and as you delve deeper into the exciting and truly creative realm of text interpretation, it’s possible to find yourself clinging on to the known, rather than letting go and responding to impulse. Kristin Linklater’s approach, and a lot of her workout, mentions impulse. What is meant by this? Simply, that as in real life, we act as a result of an inner urge (impulse) to do something. Sometimes, and especially if this urge could result in an undesirable outcome ... being sideswiped after running a red light for example, or saying something witty but hurtful ... then we counter our impulses with a block. We resist the urge to run the amber, and bite back our smart comment. Linklater wants you to give way to the first ‘true’ impulse ... at least to see where that urge leads you. This is what we have been doing in the text exercises, many of them developed by Dean Carey in his Masterclass series of books. We’ve worked on subverting our impulse to reproduce what we know, or to end-game. And why is this dangerous? Because the outcome is unknown, and as inherently conservative creatures, we humans tend to be rightly wary of the unknown. However, as an artist, you need to be equally wary of the counter-impulse, the ‘block’, the clinging to old ways, so as to make the break throughs that lead to exciting discoveries and eventually, to thrilling performances. I mentioned an old saying in class early this week. It was with reference to our consideration of performance energy, and how it is we work on finding the right energy to fit the impulse, or in acting terms, the ‘right-sized’ impulse to feed the thought and its resulting action-outcome. The saying is ‘the heart of the art is knowing how much heart to put into the art.’ We know the actor can often indulge and bluff when s/he is stuck, but this sort of acting is neither truthful nor acceptable. It rings false. Really the only time indulgence or bluff have a place on stage is when they are self-consciously ‘played’ by a character. I find it valuable to explore a character’s impulses by raising the stakes a bit, and getting physical. We are conservative by nature i.e., we would rather hold back and play it cool, let our acculturation not to make a fuss, to be polite, or to ‘cope’ rule our choice of action and censor our body ‘talk,’ and to let speech dominate the body’s expression. Let an action take over sometimes. Move to the interior monolog; you should be almost able to dance it exploring its tempo and intensity. And balance the head with as much heart as you can. The question raised this week on ‘what do you do to exercise your imagination?’ got me thinking. Serendipitously, I came across a posting this morning from an eminent Canadian educator. His names is Stephen Downes. His posting ‘Things You Really Need to Learn’ addresses this question. Here they are: 10 things you really do need to learn and go on exercising all your life. These things are what fuel your imagination as a human being and an artist:
How to predict consequences How to read How to distinguish truth from fiction How to empathise How to be creative How to communicate clearly How to learn How to stay healthy How to value yourself How to live meaningfully
I'd suggest you read Stephen’s article in full. It’s terrific. We’re coming to what I always think of as the reflective period in the semester. We’re nearly finished with formal classes, daily workshops where you learn and test out new craft skills, and put your process to work on new texts and projects. Why reflective? Because whilst it’s good sometimes to just do it, I think the learning is improved if we reflect on the doing, and especially if we map out or think about the next step, in art as well as life. I’ve put a couple of questions to you in these posts. Look back over some of these and reflect for yourself. What have you learned; what haven’t you learned that you wish you had? Are you happy with the work? Is it good enough to satisfy you? If not, why not? Can you see a way to get this to happen? If not, and you find the whole thing too hard, I would ask you to address the big question fearlessly and honestly. Do you really need to be an actor? Only you can answer this question, but if you don’t need to do this, don’t. Find something else to engage your creative life energies.

 

 

 

Looking for a monologue? Look no further! Go this great database of monologues listed according to playwright and play. There’s something here for everyone. Notmyshoes.net Happy hunting.

 

 

Students often come to me with the question, ‘How am I doing?’ Now that’s a good thing to be mulling over as an actor in training. I usually find myself asking a question back, ‘How do you think you are doing?’ I don’t do this because I’m trying to avoid the issue, but to put the focus back onto the person who should know the answer, i.e., you. And that leads me to the topic of this post, taking charge and setting goals ... keeping your eye on what it is you are attempting out to achieve. In this way, you will know ‘how you are doing’ relative to the tasks, goals, aims, objectives ... call them what you will ... that you are seeking to achieve. If you don’t keep aim firmly on one target at a time, then they will start moving, you’ll get dispirited, depending on someone else to tell you ‘how you are going,’ and you’ll never hit the bulls-eye.

Set a task and a goal per session, per week, per semester. Got the idea? Then come to me and ask for a discussion on what you have achieved, and perhaps, what you are aiming for next. Much better approach and a conversation I can enter into with you to assist you with ideas as to how you might proceed.

Now, whilst it’s not the only great theatre in the UK, it is the best in my humble opinion. It’s the National Theatre of Great Britain, or NT to those in the know. It’s also one of my favourite haunts when I am in London. Why? Well, not only is the theatre great ... I saw two outstanding productions out of two when I was there this summer ... the ambience is great. You can sit outdoors by the river or indoors with a coffee or drink, spend your spare change in the most insanely good bookshop, listen to musicians or a talk, or to interviews with actors, directors and other creatives. You can get a cheap ticket ... see something for free, eat, snooze (not really), breathe theatre in fact, and generally bemoan the lack of this kind of thing in a suburb near you.

But when you can’t be there, the NT website is pretty good too. There you can read about what’s on, see some pretty cool ‘trailers’ of shows, and subscribe to their regular podcasts (Judy Dench among others talking about what she does).

 

To listen or watch talks, interviews, and trailers, go to the Resources page on the site. From here, you can listen or subscribe to podcasts or vidcasts. Just hit the subscribe button, or paste the URL into iTunes or your favourite podcast application, and it will do the rest.

The NT also has a great collection of short movies, trailers of productions and interviews on their YouTube site. What you will find useful I am sure is this interview with the young cast of Chatroom/Citizenship. It’s a goldmine sample of EE (Estuary English). Click on the link and listen, but you should grab the URL feed from YouTube. If you haven’t already got one, you should make yourself an online archive with links to your collection of sound and video files.

 

The voice workout is different from a warmup. Whilst a warmup gets you ready for a particular task, the workout forms part of an ongoing training regimen for the actor. A voice workout is like taking your voice (along with the body and mind that it belongs to) to the gym.

A voice workout is composed of a series of exercises which focus on an individual part of the vocal mechanism. Beginning with awareness, stretching and alignment work, the exercises build incrementally to give the actor a full vocal workout across the board. Most workouts finish with articulation and diction drills. You should expect to spend around 40-50 minutes on a good workout.

 

 

The voice warmup There can’t be too many actors who’ve trained during the past 30 or so years, who aren’t familiar with the warmup. It’s part of contemporary thinking about the nature of the actor as an ‘athlete of the heart’ with all the connotations of preparing to challenge the body, mind, and heart for the act of performance. For many actors, it would be impossible to imagine performing without going through a ritual that takes you ‘from where you are to where you need to be’ to work.

Watch a group of actors doing a warmup, and you’ll see a range of styles, from the energetic to the focussed and intense. There are some actors who love to warmup with the others in the company; other actors can’t abide being distracted from their own personal process. Horses for courses. What is common to all is the recognition that a different energy is needed to perform. There is a commitment to getting the body-mind out of the daily and into the extra-daily state of being, and ready to go.

 

What many actors in training don’t do however, is to prepare for a rehearsal or a class. And many don’t have a process to help deal with the particular task. A rehearsal on a scene is very different from a performance; a class is another beast altogether. A warmup for a rehearsal or a class should take no more than 10 minutes of focussed preparation. This is what you should do:

A quick diagnostic humming up and down the range and then on full breath to check for missing notes. Stretching, check alignment and spinal rolls. Spinal rolls during the diagnostic are good. Focus on the task to come and leave what’s outside, outside. Free the lips, tongue, soft palate and yawn. Open up the channel. Finish with some text based on the class or rehearsal. Don’t warm up lying down. Don’t chat with others warming up. This is work.